xscreen

X11 screenshot utility
git clone https://porkepik.fr/xscreen
Log | Files | Refs | README | LICENSE

commit 6851f2b53d72407b4db8c9229c5f929724e20765
Author: Thomas Philippe <dev@porkepik.fr>
Date:   Sat, 27 Jul 2019 18:17:01 +0200

initial commit

Diffstat:
A.gitignore | 1+
ALICENSE | 12++++++++++++
AMakefile | 21+++++++++++++++++++++
AREADME | 22++++++++++++++++++++++
Astb_image_write.h | 1617+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
Axscreen.c | 349+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
6 files changed, 2022 insertions(+), 0 deletions(-)

diff --git a/.gitignore b/.gitignore @@ -0,0 +1 @@ +xscreen diff --git a/LICENSE b/LICENSE @@ -0,0 +1,12 @@ +Copyright (c) 2019 Thomas Philippe <dev@porkepik.fr> + +Permission to use, copy, modify, and/or distribute this software for any +purpose with or without fee is hereby granted. + +THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS" AND THE AUTHOR DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES WITH +REGARD TO THIS SOFTWARE INCLUDING ALL IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY +AND FITNESS. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHOR BE LIABLE FOR ANY SPECIAL, DIRECT, +INDIRECT, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES OR ANY DAMAGES WHATSOEVER RESULTING FROM +LOSS OF USE, DATA OR PROFITS, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, NEGLIGENCE OR +OTHER TORTIOUS ACTION, ARISING OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE USE OR +PERFORMANCE OF THIS SOFTWARE. diff --git a/Makefile b/Makefile @@ -0,0 +1,21 @@ +PREFIX ?= /usr/local +CFLAGS = -Os -std=c99 -D_DEFAULT_SOURCE -Wall -Wextra -I/usr/X11R6/include +LDFLAGS = -L/usr/X11R6/lib -lX11 +SRC = xscreen.c +BIN = xscreen + +$(BIN): $(SRC) + $(CC) $(CFLAGS) $(SRC) -o $@ $(LDFLAGS) + +clean: + rm -f $(BIN) + +install: + mkdir -p $(DESTDIR)$(PREFIX)/bin + cp -f $(BIN) $(DESTDIR)$(PREFIX)/bin + chmod 755 $(DESTDIR)$(PREFIX)/bin/$(BIN) + +uninstall: + rm -f $(DESTDIR)$(PREFIX)/bin/$(BIN) + +.PHONY: clean install uninstall diff --git a/README b/README @@ -0,0 +1,22 @@ +xscreen +------- + +xscreen is a X11 screenshot utility. +I recommend binding its commands to window manager keys. + +Installation +------------ + +The X11 development library is needed to compile. + +Usage +----- + +By default, it takes a screenshot of the root window, uses no delay and +stores the image in a PNG file. +You can capture the focused window with -u. +You can select a rectangle region with -s and freeze the screen while capturing +it with -z. +To save in a JPEG, use -j with a parameter to define the quality (1-100). +A delay can be set in seconds with -d. +A path and filename can be specified with -f. diff --git a/stb_image_write.h b/stb_image_write.h @@ -0,0 +1,1617 @@ +/* stb_image_write - v1.13 - public domain - http://nothings.org/stb/stb_image_write.h + writes out PNG/BMP/TGA/JPEG/HDR images to C stdio - Sean Barrett 2010-2015 + no warranty implied; use at your own risk + + Before #including, + + #define STB_IMAGE_WRITE_IMPLEMENTATION + + in the file that you want to have the implementation. + + Will probably not work correctly with strict-aliasing optimizations. + +ABOUT: + + This header file is a library for writing images to C stdio or a callback. + + The PNG output is not optimal; it is 20-50% larger than the file + written by a decent optimizing implementation; though providing a custom + zlib compress function (see STBIW_ZLIB_COMPRESS) can mitigate that. + This library is designed for source code compactness and simplicity, + not optimal image file size or run-time performance. + +BUILDING: + + You can #define STBIW_ASSERT(x) before the #include to avoid using assert.h. + You can #define STBIW_MALLOC(), STBIW_REALLOC(), and STBIW_FREE() to replace + malloc,realloc,free. + You can #define STBIW_MEMMOVE() to replace memmove() + You can #define STBIW_ZLIB_COMPRESS to use a custom zlib-style compress function + for PNG compression (instead of the builtin one), it must have the following signature: + unsigned char * my_compress(unsigned char *data, int data_len, int *out_len, int quality); + The returned data will be freed with STBIW_FREE() (free() by default), + so it must be heap allocated with STBIW_MALLOC() (malloc() by default), + +UNICODE: + + If compiling for Windows and you wish to use Unicode filenames, compile + with + #define STBIW_WINDOWS_UTF8 + and pass utf8-encoded filenames. Call stbiw_convert_wchar_to_utf8 to convert + Windows wchar_t filenames to utf8. + +USAGE: + + There are five functions, one for each image file format: + + int stbi_write_png(char const *filename, int w, int h, int comp, const void *data, int stride_in_bytes); + int stbi_write_bmp(char const *filename, int w, int h, int comp, const void *data); + int stbi_write_tga(char const *filename, int w, int h, int comp, const void *data); + int stbi_write_jpg(char const *filename, int w, int h, int comp, const void *data, int quality); + int stbi_write_hdr(char const *filename, int w, int h, int comp, const float *data); + + void stbi_flip_vertically_on_write(int flag); // flag is non-zero to flip data vertically + + There are also five equivalent functions that use an arbitrary write function. You are + expected to open/close your file-equivalent before and after calling these: + + int stbi_write_png_to_func(stbi_write_func *func, void *context, int w, int h, int comp, const void *data, int stride_in_bytes); + int stbi_write_bmp_to_func(stbi_write_func *func, void *context, int w, int h, int comp, const void *data); + int stbi_write_tga_to_func(stbi_write_func *func, void *context, int w, int h, int comp, const void *data); + int stbi_write_hdr_to_func(stbi_write_func *func, void *context, int w, int h, int comp, const float *data); + int stbi_write_jpg_to_func(stbi_write_func *func, void *context, int x, int y, int comp, const void *data, int quality); + + where the callback is: + void stbi_write_func(void *context, void *data, int size); + + You can configure it with these global variables: + int stbi_write_tga_with_rle; // defaults to true; set to 0 to disable RLE + int stbi_write_png_compression_level; // defaults to 8; set to higher for more compression + int stbi_write_force_png_filter; // defaults to -1; set to 0..5 to force a filter mode + + + You can define STBI_WRITE_NO_STDIO to disable the file variant of these + functions, so the library will not use stdio.h at all. However, this will + also disable HDR writing, because it requires stdio for formatted output. + + Each function returns 0 on failure and non-0 on success. + + The functions create an image file defined by the parameters. The image + is a rectangle of pixels stored from left-to-right, top-to-bottom. + Each pixel contains 'comp' channels of data stored interleaved with 8-bits + per channel, in the following order: 1=Y, 2=YA, 3=RGB, 4=RGBA. (Y is + monochrome color.) The rectangle is 'w' pixels wide and 'h' pixels tall. + The *data pointer points to the first byte of the top-left-most pixel. + For PNG, "stride_in_bytes" is the distance in bytes from the first byte of + a row of pixels to the first byte of the next row of pixels. + + PNG creates output files with the same number of components as the input. + The BMP format expands Y to RGB in the file format and does not + output alpha. + + PNG supports writing rectangles of data even when the bytes storing rows of + data are not consecutive in memory (e.g. sub-rectangles of a larger image), + by supplying the stride between the beginning of adjacent rows. The other + formats do not. (Thus you cannot write a native-format BMP through the BMP + writer, both because it is in BGR order and because it may have padding + at the end of the line.) + + PNG allows you to set the deflate compression level by setting the global + variable 'stbi_write_png_compression_level' (it defaults to 8). + + HDR expects linear float data. Since the format is always 32-bit rgb(e) + data, alpha (if provided) is discarded, and for monochrome data it is + replicated across all three channels. + + TGA supports RLE or non-RLE compressed data. To use non-RLE-compressed + data, set the global variable 'stbi_write_tga_with_rle' to 0. + + JPEG does ignore alpha channels in input data; quality is between 1 and 100. + Higher quality looks better but results in a bigger image. + JPEG baseline (no JPEG progressive). + +CREDITS: + + + Sean Barrett - PNG/BMP/TGA + Baldur Karlsson - HDR + Jean-Sebastien Guay - TGA monochrome + Tim Kelsey - misc enhancements + Alan Hickman - TGA RLE + Emmanuel Julien - initial file IO callback implementation + Jon Olick - original jo_jpeg.cpp code + Daniel Gibson - integrate JPEG, allow external zlib + Aarni Koskela - allow choosing PNG filter + + bugfixes: + github:Chribba + Guillaume Chereau + github:jry2 + github:romigrou + Sergio Gonzalez + Jonas Karlsson + Filip Wasil + Thatcher Ulrich + github:poppolopoppo + Patrick Boettcher + github:xeekworx + Cap Petschulat + Simon Rodriguez + Ivan Tikhonov + github:ignotion + Adam Schackart + +LICENSE + + See end of file for license information. + +*/ + +#ifndef INCLUDE_STB_IMAGE_WRITE_H +#define INCLUDE_STB_IMAGE_WRITE_H + +#include <stdlib.h> + +// if STB_IMAGE_WRITE_STATIC causes problems, try defining STBIWDEF to 'inline' or 'static inline' +#ifndef STBIWDEF +#ifdef STB_IMAGE_WRITE_STATIC +#define STBIWDEF static +#else +#ifdef __cplusplus +#define STBIWDEF extern "C" +#else +#define STBIWDEF extern +#endif +#endif +#endif + +#ifndef STB_IMAGE_WRITE_STATIC // C++ forbids static forward declarations +extern int stbi_write_tga_with_rle; +extern int stbi_write_png_compression_level; +extern int stbi_write_force_png_filter; +#endif + +#ifndef STBI_WRITE_NO_STDIO +STBIWDEF int stbi_write_png(char const *filename, int w, int h, int comp, const void *data, int stride_in_bytes); +STBIWDEF int stbi_write_bmp(char const *filename, int w, int h, int comp, const void *data); +STBIWDEF int stbi_write_tga(char const *filename, int w, int h, int comp, const void *data); +STBIWDEF int stbi_write_hdr(char const *filename, int w, int h, int comp, const float *data); +STBIWDEF int stbi_write_jpg(char const *filename, int x, int y, int comp, const void *data, int quality); + +#ifdef STBI_WINDOWS_UTF8 +STBIWDEF int stbiw_convert_wchar_to_utf8(char *buffer, size_t bufferlen, const wchar_t* input); +#endif +#endif + +typedef void stbi_write_func(void *context, void *data, int size); + +STBIWDEF int stbi_write_png_to_func(stbi_write_func *func, void *context, int w, int h, int comp, const void *data, int stride_in_bytes); +STBIWDEF int stbi_write_bmp_to_func(stbi_write_func *func, void *context, int w, int h, int comp, const void *data); +STBIWDEF int stbi_write_tga_to_func(stbi_write_func *func, void *context, int w, int h, int comp, const void *data); +STBIWDEF int stbi_write_hdr_to_func(stbi_write_func *func, void *context, int w, int h, int comp, const float *data); +STBIWDEF int stbi_write_jpg_to_func(stbi_write_func *func, void *context, int x, int y, int comp, const void *data, int quality); + +STBIWDEF void stbi_flip_vertically_on_write(int flip_boolean); + +#endif//INCLUDE_STB_IMAGE_WRITE_H + +#ifdef STB_IMAGE_WRITE_IMPLEMENTATION + +#ifdef _WIN32 + #ifndef _CRT_SECURE_NO_WARNINGS + #define _CRT_SECURE_NO_WARNINGS + #endif + #ifndef _CRT_NONSTDC_NO_DEPRECATE + #define _CRT_NONSTDC_NO_DEPRECATE + #endif +#endif + +#ifndef STBI_WRITE_NO_STDIO +#include <stdio.h> +#endif // STBI_WRITE_NO_STDIO + +#include <stdarg.h> +#include <stdlib.h> +#include <string.h> +#include <math.h> + +#if defined(STBIW_MALLOC) && defined(STBIW_FREE) && (defined(STBIW_REALLOC) || defined(STBIW_REALLOC_SIZED)) +// ok +#elif !defined(STBIW_MALLOC) && !defined(STBIW_FREE) && !defined(STBIW_REALLOC) && !defined(STBIW_REALLOC_SIZED) +// ok +#else +#error "Must define all or none of STBIW_MALLOC, STBIW_FREE, and STBIW_REALLOC (or STBIW_REALLOC_SIZED)." +#endif + +#ifndef STBIW_MALLOC +#define STBIW_MALLOC(sz) malloc(sz) +#define STBIW_REALLOC(p,newsz) realloc(p,newsz) +#define STBIW_FREE(p) free(p) +#endif + +#ifndef STBIW_REALLOC_SIZED +#define STBIW_REALLOC_SIZED(p,oldsz,newsz) STBIW_REALLOC(p,newsz) +#endif + + +#ifndef STBIW_MEMMOVE +#define STBIW_MEMMOVE(a,b,sz) memmove(a,b,sz) +#endif + + +#ifndef STBIW_ASSERT +#include <assert.h> +#define STBIW_ASSERT(x) assert(x) +#endif + +#define STBIW_UCHAR(x) (unsigned char) ((x) & 0xff) + +#ifdef STB_IMAGE_WRITE_STATIC +static int stbi__flip_vertically_on_write=0; +static int stbi_write_png_compression_level = 8; +static int stbi_write_tga_with_rle = 1; +static int stbi_write_force_png_filter = -1; +#else +int stbi_write_png_compression_level = 8; +int stbi__flip_vertically_on_write=0; +int stbi_write_tga_with_rle = 1; +int stbi_write_force_png_filter = -1; +#endif + +STBIWDEF void stbi_flip_vertically_on_write(int flag) +{ + stbi__flip_vertically_on_write = flag; +} + +typedef struct +{ + stbi_write_func *func; + void *context; +} stbi__write_context; + +// initialize a callback-based context +static void stbi__start_write_callbacks(stbi__write_context *s, stbi_write_func *c, void *context) +{ + s->func = c; + s->context = context; +} + +#ifndef STBI_WRITE_NO_STDIO + +static void stbi__stdio_write(void *context, void *data, int size) +{ + fwrite(data,1,size,(FILE*) context); +} + +#if defined(_MSC_VER) && defined(STBI_WINDOWS_UTF8) +#ifdef __cplusplus +#define STBIW_EXTERN extern "C" +#else +#define STBIW_EXTERN extern +#endif +STBIW_EXTERN __declspec(dllimport) int __stdcall MultiByteToWideChar(unsigned int cp, unsigned long flags, const char *str, int cbmb, wchar_t *widestr, int cchwide); +STBIW_EXTERN __declspec(dllimport) int __stdcall WideCharToMultiByte(unsigned int cp, unsigned long flags, const wchar_t *widestr, int cchwide, char *str, int cbmb, const char *defchar, int *used_default); + +STBIWDEF int stbiw_convert_wchar_to_utf8(char *buffer, size_t bufferlen, const wchar_t* input) +{ + return WideCharToMultiByte(65001 /* UTF8 */, 0, input, -1, buffer, (int) bufferlen, NULL, NULL); +} +#endif + +static FILE *stbiw__fopen(char const *filename, char const *mode) +{ + FILE *f; +#if defined(_MSC_VER) && defined(STBI_WINDOWS_UTF8) + wchar_t wMode[64]; + wchar_t wFilename[1024]; + if (0 == MultiByteToWideChar(65001 /* UTF8 */, 0, filename, -1, wFilename, sizeof(wFilename))) + return 0; + + if (0 == MultiByteToWideChar(65001 /* UTF8 */, 0, mode, -1, wMode, sizeof(wMode))) + return 0; + +#if _MSC_VER >= 1400 + if (0 != _wfopen_s(&f, wFilename, wMode)) + f = 0; +#else + f = _wfopen(wFilename, wMode); +#endif + +#elif defined(_MSC_VER) && _MSC_VER >= 1400 + if (0 != fopen_s(&f, filename, mode)) + f=0; +#else + f = fopen(filename, mode); +#endif + return f; +} + +static int stbi__start_write_file(stbi__write_context *s, const char *filename) +{ + FILE *f = stbiw__fopen(filename, "wb"); + stbi__start_write_callbacks(s, stbi__stdio_write, (void *) f); + return f != NULL; +} + +static void stbi__end_write_file(stbi__write_context *s) +{ + fclose((FILE *)s->context); +} + +#endif // !STBI_WRITE_NO_STDIO + +typedef unsigned int stbiw_uint32; +typedef int stb_image_write_test[sizeof(stbiw_uint32)==4 ? 1 : -1]; + +static void stbiw__writefv(stbi__write_context *s, const char *fmt, va_list v) +{ + while (*fmt) { + switch (*fmt++) { + case ' ': break; + case '1': { unsigned char x = STBIW_UCHAR(va_arg(v, int)); + s->func(s->context,&x,1); + break; } + case '2': { int x = va_arg(v,int); + unsigned char b[2]; + b[0] = STBIW_UCHAR(x); + b[1] = STBIW_UCHAR(x>>8); + s->func(s->context,b,2); + break; } + case '4': { stbiw_uint32 x = va_arg(v,int); + unsigned char b[4]; + b[0]=STBIW_UCHAR(x); + b[1]=STBIW_UCHAR(x>>8); + b[2]=STBIW_UCHAR(x>>16); + b[3]=STBIW_UCHAR(x>>24); + s->func(s->context,b,4); + break; } + default: + STBIW_ASSERT(0); + return; + } + } +} + +static void stbiw__writef(stbi__write_context *s, const char *fmt, ...) +{ + va_list v; + va_start(v, fmt); + stbiw__writefv(s, fmt, v); + va_end(v); +} + +static void stbiw__putc(stbi__write_context *s, unsigned char c) +{ + s->func(s->context, &c, 1); +} + +static void stbiw__write3(stbi__write_context *s, unsigned char a, unsigned char b, unsigned char c) +{ + unsigned char arr[3]; + arr[0] = a; arr[1] = b; arr[2] = c; + s->func(s->context, arr, 3); +} + +static void stbiw__write_pixel(stbi__write_context *s, int rgb_dir, int comp, int write_alpha, int expand_mono, unsigned char *d) +{ + unsigned char bg[3] = { 255, 0, 255}, px[3]; + int k; + + if (write_alpha < 0) + s->func(s->context, &d[comp - 1], 1); + + switch (comp) { + case 2: // 2 pixels = mono + alpha, alpha is written separately, so same as 1-channel case + case 1: + if (expand_mono) + stbiw__write3(s, d[0], d[0], d[0]); // monochrome bmp + else + s->func(s->context, d, 1); // monochrome TGA + break; + case 4: + if (!write_alpha) { + // composite against pink background + for (k = 0; k < 3; ++k) + px[k] = bg[k] + ((d[k] - bg[k]) * d[3]) / 255; + stbiw__write3(s, px[1 - rgb_dir], px[1], px[1 + rgb_dir]); + break; + } + /* FALLTHROUGH */ + case 3: + stbiw__write3(s, d[1 - rgb_dir], d[1], d[1 + rgb_dir]); + break; + } + if (write_alpha > 0) + s->func(s->context, &d[comp - 1], 1); +} + +static void stbiw__write_pixels(stbi__write_context *s, int rgb_dir, int vdir, int x, int y, int comp, void *data, int write_alpha, int scanline_pad, int expand_mono) +{ + stbiw_uint32 zero = 0; + int i,j, j_end; + + if (y <= 0) + return; + + if (stbi__flip_vertically_on_write) + vdir *= -1; + + if (vdir < 0) { + j_end = -1; j = y-1; + } else { + j_end = y; j = 0; + } + + for (; j != j_end; j += vdir) { + for (i=0; i < x; ++i) { + unsigned char *d = (unsigned char *) data + (j*x+i)*comp; + stbiw__write_pixel(s, rgb_dir, comp, write_alpha, expand_mono, d); + } + s->func(s->context, &zero, scanline_pad); + } +} + +static int stbiw__outfile(stbi__write_context *s, int rgb_dir, int vdir, int x, int y, int comp, int expand_mono, void *data, int alpha, int pad, const char *fmt, ...) +{ + if (y < 0 || x < 0) { + return 0; + } else { + va_list v; + va_start(v, fmt); + stbiw__writefv(s, fmt, v); + va_end(v); + stbiw__write_pixels(s,rgb_dir,vdir,x,y,comp,data,alpha,pad, expand_mono); + return 1; + } +} + +static int stbi_write_bmp_core(stbi__write_context *s, int x, int y, int comp, const void *data) +{ + int pad = (-x*3) & 3; + return stbiw__outfile(s,-1,-1,x,y,comp,1,(void *) data,0,pad, + "11 4 22 4" "4 44 22 444444", + 'B', 'M', 14+40+(x*3+pad)*y, 0,0, 14+40, // file header + 40, x,y, 1,24, 0,0,0,0,0,0); // bitmap header +} + +STBIWDEF int stbi_write_bmp_to_func(stbi_write_func *func, void *context, int x, int y, int comp, const void *data) +{ + stbi__write_context s; + stbi__start_write_callbacks(&s, func, context); + return stbi_write_bmp_core(&s, x, y, comp, data); +} + +#ifndef STBI_WRITE_NO_STDIO +STBIWDEF int stbi_write_bmp(char const *filename, int x, int y, int comp, const void *data) +{ + stbi__write_context s; + if (stbi__start_write_file(&s,filename)) { + int r = stbi_write_bmp_core(&s, x, y, comp, data); + stbi__end_write_file(&s); + return r; + } else + return 0; +} +#endif //!STBI_WRITE_NO_STDIO + +static int stbi_write_tga_core(stbi__write_context *s, int x, int y, int comp, void *data) +{ + int has_alpha = (comp == 2 || comp == 4); + int colorbytes = has_alpha ? comp-1 : comp; + int format = colorbytes < 2 ? 3 : 2; // 3 color channels (RGB/RGBA) = 2, 1 color channel (Y/YA) = 3 + + if (y < 0 || x < 0) + return 0; + + if (!stbi_write_tga_with_rle) { + return stbiw__outfile(s, -1, -1, x, y, comp, 0, (void *) data, has_alpha, 0, + "111 221 2222 11", 0, 0, format, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, x, y, (colorbytes + has_alpha) * 8, has_alpha * 8); + } else { + int i,j,k; + int jend, jdir; + + stbiw__writef(s, "111 221 2222 11", 0,0,format+8, 0,0,0, 0,0,x,y, (colorbytes + has_alpha) * 8, has_alpha * 8); + + if (stbi__flip_vertically_on_write) { + j = 0; + jend = y; + jdir = 1; + } else { + j = y-1; + jend = -1; + jdir = -1; + } + for (; j != jend; j += jdir) { + unsigned char *row = (unsigned char *) data + j * x * comp; + int len; + + for (i = 0; i < x; i += len) { + unsigned char *begin = row + i * comp; + int diff = 1; + len = 1; + + if (i < x - 1) { + ++len; + diff = memcmp(begin, row + (i + 1) * comp, comp); + if (diff) { + const unsigned char *prev = begin; + for (k = i + 2; k < x && len < 128; ++k) { + if (memcmp(prev, row + k * comp, comp)) { + prev += comp; + ++len; + } else { + --len; + break; + } + } + } else { + for (k = i + 2; k < x && len < 128; ++k) { + if (!memcmp(begin, row + k * comp, comp)) { + ++len; + } else { + break; + } + } + } + } + + if (diff) { + unsigned char header = STBIW_UCHAR(len - 1); + s->func(s->context, &header, 1); + for (k = 0; k < len; ++k) { + stbiw__write_pixel(s, -1, comp, has_alpha, 0, begin + k * comp); + } + } else { + unsigned char header = STBIW_UCHAR(len - 129); + s->func(s->context, &header, 1); + stbiw__write_pixel(s, -1, comp, has_alpha, 0, begin); + } + } + } + } + return 1; +} + +STBIWDEF int stbi_write_tga_to_func(stbi_write_func *func, void *context, int x, int y, int comp, const void *data) +{ + stbi__write_context s; + stbi__start_write_callbacks(&s, func, context); + return stbi_write_tga_core(&s, x, y, comp, (void *) data); +} + +#ifndef STBI_WRITE_NO_STDIO +STBIWDEF int stbi_write_tga(char const *filename, int x, int y, int comp, const void *data) +{ + stbi__write_context s; + if (stbi__start_write_file(&s,filename)) { + int r = stbi_write_tga_core(&s, x, y, comp, (void *) data); + stbi__end_write_file(&s); + return r; + } else + return 0; +} +#endif + +// ************************************************************************************************* +// Radiance RGBE HDR writer +// by Baldur Karlsson + +#define stbiw__max(a, b) ((a) > (b) ? (a) : (b)) + +static void stbiw__linear_to_rgbe(unsigned char *rgbe, float *linear) +{ + int exponent; + float maxcomp = stbiw__max(linear[0], stbiw__max(linear[1], linear[2])); + + if (maxcomp < 1e-32f) { + rgbe[0] = rgbe[1] = rgbe[2] = rgbe[3] = 0; + } else { + float normalize = (float) frexp(maxcomp, &exponent) * 256.0f/maxcomp; + + rgbe[0] = (unsigned char)(linear[0] * normalize); + rgbe[1] = (unsigned char)(linear[1] * normalize); + rgbe[2] = (unsigned char)(linear[2] * normalize); + rgbe[3] = (unsigned char)(exponent + 128); + } +} + +static void stbiw__write_run_data(stbi__write_context *s, int length, unsigned char databyte) +{ + unsigned char lengthbyte = STBIW_UCHAR(length+128); + STBIW_ASSERT(length+128 <= 255); + s->func(s->context, &lengthbyte, 1); + s->func(s->context, &databyte, 1); +} + +static void stbiw__write_dump_data(stbi__write_context *s, int length, unsigned char *data) +{ + unsigned char lengthbyte = STBIW_UCHAR(length); + STBIW_ASSERT(length <= 128); // inconsistent with spec but consistent with official code + s->func(s->context, &lengthbyte, 1); + s->func(s->context, data, length); +} + +static void stbiw__write_hdr_scanline(stbi__write_context *s, int width, int ncomp, unsigned char *scratch, float *scanline) +{ + unsigned char scanlineheader[4] = { 2, 2, 0, 0 }; + unsigned char rgbe[4]; + float linear[3]; + int x; + + scanlineheader[2] = (width&0xff00)>>8; + scanlineheader[3] = (width&0x00ff); + + /* skip RLE for images too small or large */ + if (width < 8 || width >= 32768) { + for (x=0; x < width; x++) { + switch (ncomp) { + case 4: /* fallthrough */ + case 3: linear[2] = scanline[x*ncomp + 2]; + linear[1] = scanline[x*ncomp + 1]; + linear[0] = scanline[x*ncomp + 0]; + break; + default: + linear[0] = linear[1] = linear[2] = scanline[x*ncomp + 0]; + break; + } + stbiw__linear_to_rgbe(rgbe, linear); + s->func(s->context, rgbe, 4); + } + } else { + int c,r; + /* encode into scratch buffer */ + for (x=0; x < width; x++) { + switch(ncomp) { + case 4: /* fallthrough */ + case 3: linear[2] = scanline[x*ncomp + 2]; + linear[1] = scanline[x*ncomp + 1]; + linear[0] = scanline[x*ncomp + 0]; + break; + default: + linear[0] = linear[1] = linear[2] = scanline[x*ncomp + 0]; + break; + } + stbiw__linear_to_rgbe(rgbe, linear); + scratch[x + width*0] = rgbe[0]; + scratch[x + width*1] = rgbe[1]; + scratch[x + width*2] = rgbe[2]; + scratch[x + width*3] = rgbe[3]; + } + + s->func(s->context, scanlineheader, 4); + + /* RLE each component separately */ + for (c=0; c < 4; c++) { + unsigned char *comp = &scratch[width*c]; + + x = 0; + while (x < width) { + // find first run + r = x; + while (r+2 < width) { + if (comp[r] == comp[r+1] && comp[r] == comp[r+2]) + break; + ++r; + } + if (r+2 >= width) + r = width; + // dump up to first run + while (x < r) { + int len = r-x; + if (len > 128) len = 128; + stbiw__write_dump_data(s, len, &comp[x]); + x += len; + } + // if there's a run, output it + if (r+2 < width) { // same test as what we break out of in search loop, so only true if we break'd + // find next byte after run + while (r < width && comp[r] == comp[x]) + ++r; + // output run up to r + while (x < r) { + int len = r-x; + if (len > 127) len = 127; + stbiw__write_run_data(s, len, comp[x]); + x += len; + } + } + } + } + } +} + +static int stbi_write_hdr_core(stbi__write_context *s, int x, int y, int comp, float *data) +{ + if (y <= 0 || x <= 0 || data == NULL) + return 0; + else { + // Each component is stored separately. Allocate scratch space for full output scanline. + unsigned char *scratch = (unsigned char *) STBIW_MALLOC(x*4); + int i, len; + char buffer[128]; + char header[] = "#?RADIANCE\n# Written by stb_image_write.h\nFORMAT=32-bit_rle_rgbe\n"; + s->func(s->context, header, sizeof(header)-1); + +#ifdef __STDC_WANT_SECURE_LIB__ + len = sprintf_s(buffer, sizeof(buffer), "EXPOSURE= 1.0000000000000\n\n-Y %d +X %d\n", y, x); +#else + len = sprintf(buffer, "EXPOSURE= 1.0000000000000\n\n-Y %d +X %d\n", y, x); +#endif + s->func(s->context, buffer, len); + + for(i=0; i < y; i++) + stbiw__write_hdr_scanline(s, x, comp, scratch, data + comp*x*(stbi__flip_vertically_on_write ? y-1-i : i)); + STBIW_FREE(scratch); + return 1; + } +} + +STBIWDEF int stbi_write_hdr_to_func(stbi_write_func *func, void *context, int x, int y, int comp, const float *data) +{ + stbi__write_context s; + stbi__start_write_callbacks(&s, func, context); + return stbi_write_hdr_core(&s, x, y, comp, (float *) data); +} + +#ifndef STBI_WRITE_NO_STDIO +STBIWDEF int stbi_write_hdr(char const *filename, int x, int y, int comp, const float *data) +{ + stbi__write_context s; + if (stbi__start_write_file(&s,filename)) { + int r = stbi_write_hdr_core(&s, x, y, comp, (float *) data); + stbi__end_write_file(&s); + return r; + } else + return 0; +} +#endif // STBI_WRITE_NO_STDIO + + +////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////// +// +// PNG writer +// + +#ifndef STBIW_ZLIB_COMPRESS +// stretchy buffer; stbiw__sbpush() == vector<>::push_back() -- stbiw__sbcount() == vector<>::size() +#define stbiw__sbraw(a) ((int *) (a) - 2) +#define stbiw__sbm(a) stbiw__sbraw(a)[0] +#define stbiw__sbn(a) stbiw__sbraw(a)[1] + +#define stbiw__sbneedgrow(a,n) ((a)==0 || stbiw__sbn(a)+n >= stbiw__sbm(a)) +#define stbiw__sbmaybegrow(a,n) (stbiw__sbneedgrow(a,(n)) ? stbiw__sbgrow(a,n) : 0) +#define stbiw__sbgrow(a,n) stbiw__sbgrowf((void **) &(a), (n), sizeof(*(a))) + +#define stbiw__sbpush(a, v) (stbiw__sbmaybegrow(a,1), (a)[stbiw__sbn(a)++] = (v)) +#define stbiw__sbcount(a) ((a) ? stbiw__sbn(a) : 0) +#define stbiw__sbfree(a) ((a) ? STBIW_FREE(stbiw__sbraw(a)),0 : 0) + +static void *stbiw__sbgrowf(void **arr, int increment, int itemsize) +{ + int m = *arr ? 2*stbiw__sbm(*arr)+increment : increment+1; + void *p = STBIW_REALLOC_SIZED(*arr ? stbiw__sbraw(*arr) : 0, *arr ? (stbiw__sbm(*arr)*itemsize + sizeof(int)*2) : 0, itemsize * m + sizeof(int)*2); + STBIW_ASSERT(p); + if (p) { + if (!*arr) ((int *) p)[1] = 0; + *arr = (void *) ((int *) p + 2); + stbiw__sbm(*arr) = m; + } + return *arr; +} + +static unsigned char *stbiw__zlib_flushf(unsigned char *data, unsigned int *bitbuffer, int *bitcount) +{ + while (*bitcount >= 8) { + stbiw__sbpush(data, STBIW_UCHAR(*bitbuffer)); + *bitbuffer >>= 8; + *bitcount -= 8; + } + return data; +} + +static int stbiw__zlib_bitrev(int code, int codebits) +{ + int res=0; + while (codebits--) { + res = (res << 1) | (code & 1); + code >>= 1; + } + return res; +} + +static unsigned int stbiw__zlib_countm(unsigned char *a, unsigned char *b, int limit) +{ + int i; + for (i=0; i < limit && i < 258; ++i) + if (a[i] != b[i]) break; + return i; +} + +static unsigned int stbiw__zhash(unsigned char *data) +{ + stbiw_uint32 hash = data[0] + (data[1] << 8) + (data[2] << 16); + hash ^= hash << 3; + hash += hash >> 5; + hash ^= hash << 4; + hash += hash >> 17; + hash ^= hash << 25; + hash += hash >> 6; + return hash; +} + +#define stbiw__zlib_flush() (out = stbiw__zlib_flushf(out, &bitbuf, &bitcount)) +#define stbiw__zlib_add(code,codebits) \ + (bitbuf |= (code) << bitcount, bitcount += (codebits), stbiw__zlib_flush()) +#define stbiw__zlib_huffa(b,c) stbiw__zlib_add(stbiw__zlib_bitrev(b,c),c) +// default huffman tables +#define stbiw__zlib_huff1(n) stbiw__zlib_huffa(0x30 + (n), 8) +#define stbiw__zlib_huff2(n) stbiw__zlib_huffa(0x190 + (n)-144, 9) +#define stbiw__zlib_huff3(n) stbiw__zlib_huffa(0 + (n)-256,7) +#define stbiw__zlib_huff4(n) stbiw__zlib_huffa(0xc0 + (n)-280,8) +#define stbiw__zlib_huff(n) ((n) <= 143 ? stbiw__zlib_huff1(n) : (n) <= 255 ? stbiw__zlib_huff2(n) : (n) <= 279 ? stbiw__zlib_huff3(n) : stbiw__zlib_huff4(n)) +#define stbiw__zlib_huffb(n) ((n) <= 143 ? stbiw__zlib_huff1(n) : stbiw__zlib_huff2(n)) + +#define stbiw__ZHASH 16384 + +#endif // STBIW_ZLIB_COMPRESS + +STBIWDEF unsigned char * stbi_zlib_compress(unsigned char *data, int data_len, int *out_len, int quality) +{ +#ifdef STBIW_ZLIB_COMPRESS + // user provided a zlib compress implementation, use that + return STBIW_ZLIB_COMPRESS(data, data_len, out_len, quality); +#else // use builtin + static unsigned short lengthc[] = { 3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,13,15,17,19,23,27,31,35,43,51,59,67,83,99,115,131,163,195,227,258, 259 }; + static unsigned char lengtheb[]= { 0,0,0,0,0,0,0, 0, 1, 1, 1, 1, 2, 2, 2, 2, 3, 3, 3, 3, 4, 4, 4, 4, 5, 5, 5, 5, 0 }; + static unsigned short distc[] = { 1,2,3,4,5,7,9,13,17,25,33,49,65,97,129,193,257,385,513,769,1025,1537,2049,3073,4097,6145,8193,12289,16385,24577, 32768 }; + static unsigned char disteb[] = { 0,0,0,0,1,1,2,2,3,3,4,4,5,5,6,6,7,7,8,8,9,9,10,10,11,11,12,12,13,13 }; + unsigned int bitbuf=0; + int i,j, bitcount=0; + unsigned char *out = NULL; + unsigned char ***hash_table = (unsigned char***) STBIW_MALLOC(stbiw__ZHASH * sizeof(char**)); + if (hash_table == NULL) + return NULL; + if (quality < 5) quality = 5; + + stbiw__sbpush(out, 0x78); // DEFLATE 32K window + stbiw__sbpush(out, 0x5e); // FLEVEL = 1 + stbiw__zlib_add(1,1); // BFINAL = 1 + stbiw__zlib_add(1,2); // BTYPE = 1 -- fixed huffman + + for (i=0; i < stbiw__ZHASH; ++i) + hash_table[i] = NULL; + + i=0; + while (i < data_len-3) { + // hash next 3 bytes of data to be compressed + int h = stbiw__zhash(data+i)&(stbiw__ZHASH-1), best=3; + unsigned char *bestloc = 0; + unsigned char **hlist = hash_table[h]; + int n = stbiw__sbcount(hlist); + for (j=0; j < n; ++j) { + if (hlist[j]-data > i-32768) { // if entry lies within window + int d = stbiw__zlib_countm(hlist[j], data+i, data_len-i); + if (d >= best) { best=d; bestloc=hlist[j]; } + } + } + // when hash table entry is too long, delete half the entries + if (hash_table[h] && stbiw__sbn(hash_table[h]) == 2*quality) { + STBIW_MEMMOVE(hash_table[h], hash_table[h]+quality, sizeof(hash_table[h][0])*quality); + stbiw__sbn(hash_table[h]) = quality; + } + stbiw__sbpush(hash_table[h],data+i); + + if (bestloc) { + // "lazy matching" - check match at *next* byte, and if it's better, do cur byte as literal + h = stbiw__zhash(data+i+1)&(stbiw__ZHASH-1); + hlist = hash_table[h]; + n = stbiw__sbcount(hlist); + for (j=0; j < n; ++j) { + if (hlist[j]-data > i-32767) { + int e = stbiw__zlib_countm(hlist[j], data+i+1, data_len-i-1); + if (e > best) { // if next match is better, bail on current match + bestloc = NULL; + break; + } + } + } + } + + if (bestloc) { + int d = (int) (data+i - bestloc); // distance back + STBIW_ASSERT(d <= 32767 && best <= 258); + for (j=0; best > lengthc[j+1]-1; ++j); + stbiw__zlib_huff(j+257); + if (lengtheb[j]) stbiw__zlib_add(best - lengthc[j], lengtheb[j]); + for (j=0; d > distc[j+1]-1; ++j); + stbiw__zlib_add(stbiw__zlib_bitrev(j,5),5); + if (disteb[j]) stbiw__zlib_add(d - distc[j], disteb[j]); + i += best; + } else { + stbiw__zlib_huffb(data[i]); + ++i; + } + } + // write out final bytes + for (;i < data_len; ++i) + stbiw__zlib_huffb(data[i]); + stbiw__zlib_huff(256); // end of block + // pad with 0 bits to byte boundary + while (bitcount) + stbiw__zlib_add(0,1); + + for (i=0; i < stbiw__ZHASH; ++i) + (void) stbiw__sbfree(hash_table[i]); + STBIW_FREE(hash_table); + + { + // compute adler32 on input + unsigned int s1=1, s2=0; + int blocklen = (int) (data_len % 5552); + j=0; + while (j < data_len) { + for (i=0; i < blocklen; ++i) { s1 += data[j+i]; s2 += s1; } + s1 %= 65521; s2 %= 65521; + j += blocklen; + blocklen = 5552; + } + stbiw__sbpush(out, STBIW_UCHAR(s2 >> 8)); + stbiw__sbpush(out, STBIW_UCHAR(s2)); + stbiw__sbpush(out, STBIW_UCHAR(s1 >> 8)); + stbiw__sbpush(out, STBIW_UCHAR(s1)); + } + *out_len = stbiw__sbn(out); + // make returned pointer freeable + STBIW_MEMMOVE(stbiw__sbraw(out), out, *out_len); + return (unsigned char *) stbiw__sbraw(out); +#endif // STBIW_ZLIB_COMPRESS +} + +static unsigned int stbiw__crc32(unsigned char *buffer, int len) +{ +#ifdef STBIW_CRC32 + return STBIW_CRC32(buffer, len); +#else + static unsigned int crc_table[256] = + { + 0x00000000, 0x77073096, 0xEE0E612C, 0x990951BA, 0x076DC419, 0x706AF48F, 0xE963A535, 0x9E6495A3, + 0x0eDB8832, 0x79DCB8A4, 0xE0D5E91E, 0x97D2D988, 0x09B64C2B, 0x7EB17CBD, 0xE7B82D07, 0x90BF1D91, + 0x1DB71064, 0x6AB020F2, 0xF3B97148, 0x84BE41DE, 0x1ADAD47D, 0x6DDDE4EB, 0xF4D4B551, 0x83D385C7, + 0x136C9856, 0x646BA8C0, 0xFD62F97A, 0x8A65C9EC, 0x14015C4F, 0x63066CD9, 0xFA0F3D63, 0x8D080DF5, + 0x3B6E20C8, 0x4C69105E, 0xD56041E4, 0xA2677172, 0x3C03E4D1, 0x4B04D447, 0xD20D85FD, 0xA50AB56B, + 0x35B5A8FA, 0x42B2986C, 0xDBBBC9D6, 0xACBCF940, 0x32D86CE3, 0x45DF5C75, 0xDCD60DCF, 0xABD13D59, + 0x26D930AC, 0x51DE003A, 0xC8D75180, 0xBFD06116, 0x21B4F4B5, 0x56B3C423, 0xCFBA9599, 0xB8BDA50F, + 0x2802B89E, 0x5F058808, 0xC60CD9B2, 0xB10BE924, 0x2F6F7C87, 0x58684C11, 0xC1611DAB, 0xB6662D3D, + 0x76DC4190, 0x01DB7106, 0x98D220BC, 0xEFD5102A, 0x71B18589, 0x06B6B51F, 0x9FBFE4A5, 0xE8B8D433, + 0x7807C9A2, 0x0F00F934, 0x9609A88E, 0xE10E9818, 0x7F6A0DBB, 0x086D3D2D, 0x91646C97, 0xE6635C01, + 0x6B6B51F4, 0x1C6C6162, 0x856530D8, 0xF262004E, 0x6C0695ED, 0x1B01A57B, 0x8208F4C1, 0xF50FC457, + 0x65B0D9C6, 0x12B7E950, 0x8BBEB8EA, 0xFCB9887C, 0x62DD1DDF, 0x15DA2D49, 0x8CD37CF3, 0xFBD44C65, + 0x4DB26158, 0x3AB551CE, 0xA3BC0074, 0xD4BB30E2, 0x4ADFA541, 0x3DD895D7, 0xA4D1C46D, 0xD3D6F4FB, + 0x4369E96A, 0x346ED9FC, 0xAD678846, 0xDA60B8D0, 0x44042D73, 0x33031DE5, 0xAA0A4C5F, 0xDD0D7CC9, + 0x5005713C, 0x270241AA, 0xBE0B1010, 0xC90C2086, 0x5768B525, 0x206F85B3, 0xB966D409, 0xCE61E49F, + 0x5EDEF90E, 0x29D9C998, 0xB0D09822, 0xC7D7A8B4, 0x59B33D17, 0x2EB40D81, 0xB7BD5C3B, 0xC0BA6CAD, + 0xEDB88320, 0x9ABFB3B6, 0x03B6E20C, 0x74B1D29A, 0xEAD54739, 0x9DD277AF, 0x04DB2615, 0x73DC1683, + 0xE3630B12, 0x94643B84, 0x0D6D6A3E, 0x7A6A5AA8, 0xE40ECF0B, 0x9309FF9D, 0x0A00AE27, 0x7D079EB1, + 0xF00F9344, 0x8708A3D2, 0x1E01F268, 0x6906C2FE, 0xF762575D, 0x806567CB, 0x196C3671, 0x6E6B06E7, + 0xFED41B76, 0x89D32BE0, 0x10DA7A5A, 0x67DD4ACC, 0xF9B9DF6F, 0x8EBEEFF9, 0x17B7BE43, 0x60B08ED5, + 0xD6D6A3E8, 0xA1D1937E, 0x38D8C2C4, 0x4FDFF252, 0xD1BB67F1, 0xA6BC5767, 0x3FB506DD, 0x48B2364B, + 0xD80D2BDA, 0xAF0A1B4C, 0x36034AF6, 0x41047A60, 0xDF60EFC3, 0xA867DF55, 0x316E8EEF, 0x4669BE79, + 0xCB61B38C, 0xBC66831A, 0x256FD2A0, 0x5268E236, 0xCC0C7795, 0xBB0B4703, 0x220216B9, 0x5505262F, + 0xC5BA3BBE, 0xB2BD0B28, 0x2BB45A92, 0x5CB36A04, 0xC2D7FFA7, 0xB5D0CF31, 0x2CD99E8B, 0x5BDEAE1D, + 0x9B64C2B0, 0xEC63F226, 0x756AA39C, 0x026D930A, 0x9C0906A9, 0xEB0E363F, 0x72076785, 0x05005713, + 0x95BF4A82, 0xE2B87A14, 0x7BB12BAE, 0x0CB61B38, 0x92D28E9B, 0xE5D5BE0D, 0x7CDCEFB7, 0x0BDBDF21, + 0x86D3D2D4, 0xF1D4E242, 0x68DDB3F8, 0x1FDA836E, 0x81BE16CD, 0xF6B9265B, 0x6FB077E1, 0x18B74777, + 0x88085AE6, 0xFF0F6A70, 0x66063BCA, 0x11010B5C, 0x8F659EFF, 0xF862AE69, 0x616BFFD3, 0x166CCF45, + 0xA00AE278, 0xD70DD2EE, 0x4E048354, 0x3903B3C2, 0xA7672661, 0xD06016F7, 0x4969474D, 0x3E6E77DB, + 0xAED16A4A, 0xD9D65ADC, 0x40DF0B66, 0x37D83BF0, 0xA9BCAE53, 0xDEBB9EC5, 0x47B2CF7F, 0x30B5FFE9, + 0xBDBDF21C, 0xCABAC28A, 0x53B39330, 0x24B4A3A6, 0xBAD03605, 0xCDD70693, 0x54DE5729, 0x23D967BF, + 0xB3667A2E, 0xC4614AB8, 0x5D681B02, 0x2A6F2B94, 0xB40BBE37, 0xC30C8EA1, 0x5A05DF1B, 0x2D02EF8D + }; + + unsigned int crc = ~0u; + int i; + for (i=0; i < len; ++i) + crc = (crc >> 8) ^ crc_table[buffer[i] ^ (crc & 0xff)]; + return ~crc; +#endif +} + +#define stbiw__wpng4(o,a,b,c,d) ((o)[0]=STBIW_UCHAR(a),(o)[1]=STBIW_UCHAR(b),(o)[2]=STBIW_UCHAR(c),(o)[3]=STBIW_UCHAR(d),(o)+=4) +#define stbiw__wp32(data,v) stbiw__wpng4(data, (v)>>24,(v)>>16,(v)>>8,(v)); +#define stbiw__wptag(data,s) stbiw__wpng4(data, s[0],s[1],s[2],s[3]) + +static void stbiw__wpcrc(unsigned char **data, int len) +{ + unsigned int crc = stbiw__crc32(*data - len - 4, len+4); + stbiw__wp32(*data, crc); +} + +static unsigned char stbiw__paeth(int a, int b, int c) +{ + int p = a + b - c, pa = abs(p-a), pb = abs(p-b), pc = abs(p-c); + if (pa <= pb && pa <= pc) return STBIW_UCHAR(a); + if (pb <= pc) return STBIW_UCHAR(b); + return STBIW_UCHAR(c); +} + +// @OPTIMIZE: provide an option that always forces left-predict or paeth predict +static void stbiw__encode_png_line(unsigned char *pixels, int stride_bytes, int width, int height, int y, int n, int filter_type, signed char *line_buffer) +{ + static int mapping[] = { 0,1,2,3,4 }; + static int firstmap[] = { 0,1,0,5,6 }; + int *mymap = (y != 0) ? mapping : firstmap; + int i; + int type = mymap[filter_type]; + unsigned char *z = pixels + stride_bytes * (stbi__flip_vertically_on_write ? height-1-y : y); + int signed_stride = stbi__flip_vertically_on_write ? -stride_bytes : stride_bytes; + + if (type==0) { + memcpy(line_buffer, z, width*n); + return; + } + + // first loop isn't optimized since it's just one pixel + for (i = 0; i < n; ++i) { + switch (type) { + case 1: line_buffer[i] = z[i]; break; + case 2: line_buffer[i] = z[i] - z[i-signed_stride]; break; + case 3: line_buffer[i] = z[i] - (z[i-signed_stride]>>1); break; + case 4: line_buffer[i] = (signed char) (z[i] - stbiw__paeth(0,z[i-signed_stride],0)); break; + case 5: line_buffer[i] = z[i]; break; + case 6: line_buffer[i] = z[i]; break; + } + } + switch (type) { + case 1: for (i=n; i < width*n; ++i) line_buffer[i] = z[i] - z[i-n]; break; + case 2: for (i=n; i < width*n; ++i) line_buffer[i] = z[i] - z[i-signed_stride]; break; + case 3: for (i=n; i < width*n; ++i) line_buffer[i] = z[i] - ((z[i-n] + z[i-signed_stride])>>1); break; + case 4: for (i=n; i < width*n; ++i) line_buffer[i] = z[i] - stbiw__paeth(z[i-n], z[i-signed_stride], z[i-signed_stride-n]); break; + case 5: for (i=n; i < width*n; ++i) line_buffer[i] = z[i] - (z[i-n]>>1); break; + case 6: for (i=n; i < width*n; ++i) line_buffer[i] = z[i] - stbiw__paeth(z[i-n], 0,0); break; + } +} + +STBIWDEF unsigned char *stbi_write_png_to_mem(const unsigned char *pixels, int stride_bytes, int x, int y, int n, int *out_len) +{ + int force_filter = stbi_write_force_png_filter; + int ctype[5] = { -1, 0, 4, 2, 6 }; + unsigned char sig[8] = { 137,80,78,71,13,10,26,10 }; + unsigned char *out,*o, *filt, *zlib; + signed char *line_buffer; + int j,zlen; + + if (stride_bytes == 0) + stride_bytes = x * n; + + if (force_filter >= 5) { + force_filter = -1; + } + + filt = (unsigned char *) STBIW_MALLOC((x*n+1) * y); if (!filt) return 0; + line_buffer = (signed char *) STBIW_MALLOC(x * n); if (!line_buffer) { STBIW_FREE(filt); return 0; } + for (j=0; j < y; ++j) { + int filter_type; + if (force_filter > -1) { + filter_type = force_filter; + stbiw__encode_png_line((unsigned char*)(pixels), stride_bytes, x, y, j, n, force_filter, line_buffer); + } else { // Estimate the best filter by running through all of them: + int best_filter = 0, best_filter_val = 0x7fffffff, est, i; + for (filter_type = 0; filter_type < 5; filter_type++) { + stbiw__encode_png_line((unsigned char*)(pixels), stride_bytes, x, y, j, n, filter_type, line_buffer); + + // Estimate the entropy of the line using this filter; the less, the better. + est = 0; + for (i = 0; i < x*n; ++i) { + est += abs((signed char) line_buffer[i]); + } + if (est < best_filter_val) { + best_filter_val = est; + best_filter = filter_type; + } + } + if (filter_type != best_filter) { // If the last iteration already got us the best filter, don't redo it + stbiw__encode_png_line((unsigned char*)(pixels), stride_bytes, x, y, j, n, best_filter, line_buffer); + filter_type = best_filter; + } + } + // when we get here, filter_type contains the filter type, and line_buffer contains the data + filt[j*(x*n+1)] = (unsigned char) filter_type; + STBIW_MEMMOVE(filt+j*(x*n+1)+1, line_buffer, x*n); + } + STBIW_FREE(line_buffer); + zlib = stbi_zlib_compress(filt, y*( x*n+1), &zlen, stbi_write_png_compression_level); + STBIW_FREE(filt); + if (!zlib) return 0; + + // each tag requires 12 bytes of overhead + out = (unsigned char *) STBIW_MALLOC(8 + 12+13 + 12+zlen + 12); + if (!out) return 0; + *out_len = 8 + 12+13 + 12+zlen + 12; + + o=out; + STBIW_MEMMOVE(o,sig,8); o+= 8; + stbiw__wp32(o, 13); // header length + stbiw__wptag(o, "IHDR"); + stbiw__wp32(o, x); + stbiw__wp32(o, y); + *o++ = 8; + *o++ = STBIW_UCHAR(ctype[n]); + *o++ = 0; + *o++ = 0; + *o++ = 0; + stbiw__wpcrc(&o,13); + + stbiw__wp32(o, zlen); + stbiw__wptag(o, "IDAT"); + STBIW_MEMMOVE(o, zlib, zlen); + o += zlen; + STBIW_FREE(zlib); + stbiw__wpcrc(&o, zlen); + + stbiw__wp32(o,0); + stbiw__wptag(o, "IEND"); + stbiw__wpcrc(&o,0); + + STBIW_ASSERT(o == out + *out_len); + + return out; +} + +#ifndef STBI_WRITE_NO_STDIO +STBIWDEF int stbi_write_png(char const *filename, int x, int y, int comp, const void *data, int stride_bytes) +{ + FILE *f; + int len; + unsigned char *png = stbi_write_png_to_mem((const unsigned char *) data, stride_bytes, x, y, comp, &len); + if (png == NULL) return 0; + + f = stbiw__fopen(filename, "wb"); + if (!f) { STBIW_FREE(png); return 0; } + fwrite(png, 1, len, f); + fclose(f); + STBIW_FREE(png); + return 1; +} +#endif + +STBIWDEF int stbi_write_png_to_func(stbi_write_func *func, void *context, int x, int y, int comp, const void *data, int stride_bytes) +{ + int len; + unsigned char *png = stbi_write_png_to_mem((const unsigned char *) data, stride_bytes, x, y, comp, &len); + if (png == NULL) return 0; + func(context, png, len); + STBIW_FREE(png); + return 1; +} + + +/* *************************************************************************** + * + * JPEG writer + * + * This is based on Jon Olick's jo_jpeg.cpp: + * public domain Simple, Minimalistic JPEG writer - http://www.jonolick.com/code.html + */ + +static const unsigned char stbiw__jpg_ZigZag[] = { 0,1,5,6,14,15,27,28,2,4,7,13,16,26,29,42,3,8,12,17,25,30,41,43,9,11,18, + 24,31,40,44,53,10,19,23,32,39,45,52,54,20,22,33,38,46,51,55,60,21,34,37,47,50,56,59,61,35,36,48,49,57,58,62,63 }; + +static void stbiw__jpg_writeBits(stbi__write_context *s, int *bitBufP, int *bitCntP, const unsigned short *bs) { + int bitBuf = *bitBufP, bitCnt = *bitCntP; + bitCnt += bs[1]; + bitBuf |= bs[0] << (24 - bitCnt); + while(bitCnt >= 8) { + unsigned char c = (bitBuf >> 16) & 255; + stbiw__putc(s, c); + if(c == 255) { + stbiw__putc(s, 0); + } + bitBuf <<= 8; + bitCnt -= 8; + } + *bitBufP = bitBuf; + *bitCntP = bitCnt; +} + +static void stbiw__jpg_DCT(float *d0p, float *d1p, float *d2p, float *d3p, float *d4p, float *d5p, float *d6p, float *d7p) { + float d0 = *d0p, d1 = *d1p, d2 = *d2p, d3 = *d3p, d4 = *d4p, d5 = *d5p, d6 = *d6p, d7 = *d7p; + float z1, z2, z3, z4, z5, z11, z13; + + float tmp0 = d0 + d7; + float tmp7 = d0 - d7; + float tmp1 = d1 + d6; + float tmp6 = d1 - d6; + float tmp2 = d2 + d5; + float tmp5 = d2 - d5; + float tmp3 = d3 + d4; + float tmp4 = d3 - d4; + + // Even part + float tmp10 = tmp0 + tmp3; // phase 2 + float tmp13 = tmp0 - tmp3; + float tmp11 = tmp1 + tmp2; + float tmp12 = tmp1 - tmp2; + + d0 = tmp10 + tmp11; // phase 3 + d4 = tmp10 - tmp11; + + z1 = (tmp12 + tmp13) * 0.707106781f; // c4 + d2 = tmp13 + z1; // phase 5 + d6 = tmp13 - z1; + + // Odd part + tmp10 = tmp4 + tmp5; // phase 2 + tmp11 = tmp5 + tmp6; + tmp12 = tmp6 + tmp7; + + // The rotator is modified from fig 4-8 to avoid extra negations. + z5 = (tmp10 - tmp12) * 0.382683433f; // c6 + z2 = tmp10 * 0.541196100f + z5; // c2-c6 + z4 = tmp12 * 1.306562965f + z5; // c2+c6 + z3 = tmp11 * 0.707106781f; // c4 + + z11 = tmp7 + z3; // phase 5 + z13 = tmp7 - z3; + + *d5p = z13 + z2; // phase 6 + *d3p = z13 - z2; + *d1p = z11 + z4; + *d7p = z11 - z4; + + *d0p = d0; *d2p = d2; *d4p = d4; *d6p = d6; +} + +static void stbiw__jpg_calcBits(int val, unsigned short bits[2]) { + int tmp1 = val < 0 ? -val : val; + val = val < 0 ? val-1 : val; + bits[1] = 1; + while(tmp1 >>= 1) { + ++bits[1]; + } + bits[0] = val & ((1<<bits[1])-1); +} + +static int stbiw__jpg_processDU(stbi__write_context *s, int *bitBuf, int *bitCnt, float *CDU, float *fdtbl, int DC, const unsigned short HTDC[256][2], const unsigned short HTAC[256][2]) { + const unsigned short EOB[2] = { HTAC[0x00][0], HTAC[0x00][1] }; + const unsigned short M16zeroes[2] = { HTAC[0xF0][0], HTAC[0xF0][1] }; + int dataOff, i, diff, end0pos; + int DU[64]; + + // DCT rows + for(dataOff=0; dataOff<64; dataOff+=8) { + stbiw__jpg_DCT(&CDU[dataOff], &CDU[dataOff+1], &CDU[dataOff+2], &CDU[dataOff+3], &CDU[dataOff+4], &CDU[dataOff+5], &CDU[dataOff+6], &CDU[dataOff+7]); + } + // DCT columns + for(dataOff=0; dataOff<8; ++dataOff) { + stbiw__jpg_DCT(&CDU[dataOff], &CDU[dataOff+8], &CDU[dataOff+16], &CDU[dataOff+24], &CDU[dataOff+32], &CDU[dataOff+40], &CDU[dataOff+48], &CDU[dataOff+56]); + } + // Quantize/descale/zigzag the coefficients + for(i=0; i<64; ++i) { + float v = CDU[i]*fdtbl[i]; + // DU[stbiw__jpg_ZigZag[i]] = (int)(v < 0 ? ceilf(v - 0.5f) : floorf(v + 0.5f)); + // ceilf() and floorf() are C99, not C89, but I /think/ they're not needed here anyway? + DU[stbiw__jpg_ZigZag[i]] = (int)(v < 0 ? v - 0.5f : v + 0.5f); + } + + // Encode DC + diff = DU[0] - DC; + if (diff == 0) { + stbiw__jpg_writeBits(s, bitBuf, bitCnt, HTDC[0]); + } else { + unsigned short bits[2]; + stbiw__jpg_calcBits(diff, bits); + stbiw__jpg_writeBits(s, bitBuf, bitCnt, HTDC[bits[1]]); + stbiw__jpg_writeBits(s, bitBuf, bitCnt, bits); + } + // Encode ACs + end0pos = 63; + for(; (end0pos>0)&&(DU[end0pos]==0); --end0pos) { + } + // end0pos = first element in reverse order !=0 + if(end0pos == 0) { + stbiw__jpg_writeBits(s, bitBuf, bitCnt, EOB); + return DU[0]; + } + for(i = 1; i <= end0pos; ++i) { + int startpos = i; + int nrzeroes; + unsigned short bits[2]; + for (; DU[i]==0 && i<=end0pos; ++i) { + } + nrzeroes = i-startpos; + if ( nrzeroes >= 16 ) { + int lng = nrzeroes>>4; + int nrmarker; + for (nrmarker=1; nrmarker <= lng; ++nrmarker) + stbiw__jpg_writeBits(s, bitBuf, bitCnt, M16zeroes); + nrzeroes &= 15; + } + stbiw__jpg_calcBits(DU[i], bits); + stbiw__jpg_writeBits(s, bitBuf, bitCnt, HTAC[(nrzeroes<<4)+bits[1]]); + stbiw__jpg_writeBits(s, bitBuf, bitCnt, bits); + } + if(end0pos != 63) { + stbiw__jpg_writeBits(s, bitBuf, bitCnt, EOB); + } + return DU[0]; +} + +static int stbi_write_jpg_core(stbi__write_context *s, int width, int height, int comp, const void* data, int quality) { + // Constants that don't pollute global namespace + static const unsigned char std_dc_luminance_nrcodes[] = {0,0,1,5,1,1,1,1,1,1,0,0,0,0,0,0,0}; + static const unsigned char std_dc_luminance_values[] = {0,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11}; + static const unsigned char std_ac_luminance_nrcodes[] = {0,0,2,1,3,3,2,4,3,5,5,4,4,0,0,1,0x7d}; + static const unsigned char std_ac_luminance_values[] = { + 0x01,0x02,0x03,0x00,0x04,0x11,0x05,0x12,0x21,0x31,0x41,0x06,0x13,0x51,0x61,0x07,0x22,0x71,0x14,0x32,0x81,0x91,0xa1,0x08, + 0x23,0x42,0xb1,0xc1,0x15,0x52,0xd1,0xf0,0x24,0x33,0x62,0x72,0x82,0x09,0x0a,0x16,0x17,0x18,0x19,0x1a,0x25,0x26,0x27,0x28, + 0x29,0x2a,0x34,0x35,0x36,0x37,0x38,0x39,0x3a,0x43,0x44,0x45,0x46,0x47,0x48,0x49,0x4a,0x53,0x54,0x55,0x56,0x57,0x58,0x59, + 0x5a,0x63,0x64,0x65,0x66,0x67,0x68,0x69,0x6a,0x73,0x74,0x75,0x76,0x77,0x78,0x79,0x7a,0x83,0x84,0x85,0x86,0x87,0x88,0x89, + 0x8a,0x92,0x93,0x94,0x95,0x96,0x97,0x98,0x99,0x9a,0xa2,0xa3,0xa4,0xa5,0xa6,0xa7,0xa8,0xa9,0xaa,0xb2,0xb3,0xb4,0xb5,0xb6, + 0xb7,0xb8,0xb9,0xba,0xc2,0xc3,0xc4,0xc5,0xc6,0xc7,0xc8,0xc9,0xca,0xd2,0xd3,0xd4,0xd5,0xd6,0xd7,0xd8,0xd9,0xda,0xe1,0xe2, + 0xe3,0xe4,0xe5,0xe6,0xe7,0xe8,0xe9,0xea,0xf1,0xf2,0xf3,0xf4,0xf5,0xf6,0xf7,0xf8,0xf9,0xfa + }; + static const unsigned char std_dc_chrominance_nrcodes[] = {0,0,3,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,0,0,0,0,0}; + static const unsigned char std_dc_chrominance_values[] = {0,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11}; + static const unsigned char std_ac_chrominance_nrcodes[] = {0,0,2,1,2,4,4,3,4,7,5,4,4,0,1,2,0x77}; + static const unsigned char std_ac_chrominance_values[] = { + 0x00,0x01,0x02,0x03,0x11,0x04,0x05,0x21,0x31,0x06,0x12,0x41,0x51,0x07,0x61,0x71,0x13,0x22,0x32,0x81,0x08,0x14,0x42,0x91, + 0xa1,0xb1,0xc1,0x09,0x23,0x33,0x52,0xf0,0x15,0x62,0x72,0xd1,0x0a,0x16,0x24,0x34,0xe1,0x25,0xf1,0x17,0x18,0x19,0x1a,0x26, + 0x27,0x28,0x29,0x2a,0x35,0x36,0x37,0x38,0x39,0x3a,0x43,0x44,0x45,0x46,0x47,0x48,0x49,0x4a,0x53,0x54,0x55,0x56,0x57,0x58, + 0x59,0x5a,0x63,0x64,0x65,0x66,0x67,0x68,0x69,0x6a,0x73,0x74,0x75,0x76,0x77,0x78,0x79,0x7a,0x82,0x83,0x84,0x85,0x86,0x87, + 0x88,0x89,0x8a,0x92,0x93,0x94,0x95,0x96,0x97,0x98,0x99,0x9a,0xa2,0xa3,0xa4,0xa5,0xa6,0xa7,0xa8,0xa9,0xaa,0xb2,0xb3,0xb4, + 0xb5,0xb6,0xb7,0xb8,0xb9,0xba,0xc2,0xc3,0xc4,0xc5,0xc6,0xc7,0xc8,0xc9,0xca,0xd2,0xd3,0xd4,0xd5,0xd6,0xd7,0xd8,0xd9,0xda, + 0xe2,0xe3,0xe4,0xe5,0xe6,0xe7,0xe8,0xe9,0xea,0xf2,0xf3,0xf4,0xf5,0xf6,0xf7,0xf8,0xf9,0xfa + }; + // Huffman tables + static const unsigned short YDC_HT[256][2] = { {0,2},{2,3},{3,3},{4,3},{5,3},{6,3},{14,4},{30,5},{62,6},{126,7},{254,8},{510,9}}; + static const unsigned short UVDC_HT[256][2] = { {0,2},{1,2},{2,2},{6,3},{14,4},{30,5},{62,6},{126,7},{254,8},{510,9},{1022,10},{2046,11}}; + static const unsigned short YAC_HT[256][2] = { + {10,4},{0,2},{1,2},{4,3},{11,4},{26,5},{120,7},{248,8},{1014,10},{65410,16},{65411,16},{0,0},{0,0},{0,0},{0,0},{0,0},{0,0}, + {12,4},{27,5},{121,7},{502,9},{2038,11},{65412,16},{65413,16},{65414,16},{65415,16},{65416,16},{0,0},{0,0},{0,0},{0,0},{0,0},{0,0}, + {28,5},{249,8},{1015,10},{4084,12},{65417,16},{65418,16},{65419,16},{65420,16},{65421,16},{65422,16},{0,0},{0,0},{0,0},{0,0},{0,0},{0,0}, + {58,6},{503,9},{4085,12},{65423,16},{65424,16},{65425,16},{65426,16},{65427,16},{65428,16},{65429,16},{0,0},{0,0},{0,0},{0,0},{0,0},{0,0}, + {59,6},{1016,10},{65430,16},{65431,16},{65432,16},{65433,16},{65434,16},{65435,16},{65436,16},{65437,16},{0,0},{0,0},{0,0},{0,0},{0,0},{0,0}, + {122,7},{2039,11},{65438,16},{65439,16},{65440,16},{65441,16},{65442,16},{65443,16},{65444,16},{65445,16},{0,0},{0,0},{0,0},{0,0},{0,0},{0,0}, + {123,7},{4086,12},{65446,16},{65447,16},{65448,16},{65449,16},{65450,16},{65451,16},{65452,16},{65453,16},{0,0},{0,0},{0,0},{0,0},{0,0},{0,0}, + {250,8},{4087,12},{65454,16},{65455,16},{65456,16},{65457,16},{65458,16},{65459,16},{65460,16},{65461,16},{0,0},{0,0},{0,0},{0,0},{0,0},{0,0}, + {504,9},{32704,15},{65462,16},{65463,16},{65464,16},{65465,16},{65466,16},{65467,16},{65468,16},{65469,16},{0,0},{0,0},{0,0},{0,0},{0,0},{0,0}, + {505,9},{65470,16},{65471,16},{65472,16},{65473,16},{65474,16},{65475,16},{65476,16},{65477,16},{65478,16},{0,0},{0,0},{0,0},{0,0},{0,0},{0,0}, + {506,9},{65479,16},{65480,16},{65481,16},{65482,16},{65483,16},{65484,16},{65485,16},{65486,16},{65487,16},{0,0},{0,0},{0,0},{0,0},{0,0},{0,0}, + {1017,10},{65488,16},{65489,16},{65490,16},{65491,16},{65492,16},{65493,16},{65494,16},{65495,16},{65496,16},{0,0},{0,0},{0,0},{0,0},{0,0},{0,0}, + {1018,10},{65497,16},{65498,16},{65499,16},{65500,16},{65501,16},{65502,16},{65503,16},{65504,16},{65505,16},{0,0},{0,0},{0,0},{0,0},{0,0},{0,0}, + {2040,11},{65506,16},{65507,16},{65508,16},{65509,16},{65510,16},{65511,16},{65512,16},{65513,16},{65514,16},{0,0},{0,0},{0,0},{0,0},{0,0},{0,0}, + {65515,16},{65516,16},{65517,16},{65518,16},{65519,16},{65520,16},{65521,16},{65522,16},{65523,16},{65524,16},{0,0},{0,0},{0,0},{0,0},{0,0}, + {2041,11},{65525,16},{65526,16},{65527,16},{65528,16},{65529,16},{65530,16},{65531,16},{65532,16},{65533,16},{65534,16},{0,0},{0,0},{0,0},{0,0},{0,0} + }; + static const unsigned short UVAC_HT[256][2] = { + {0,2},{1,2},{4,3},{10,4},{24,5},{25,5},{56,6},{120,7},{500,9},{1014,10},{4084,12},{0,0},{0,0},{0,0},{0,0},{0,0},{0,0}, + {11,4},{57,6},{246,8},{501,9},{2038,11},{4085,12},{65416,16},{65417,16},{65418,16},{65419,16},{0,0},{0,0},{0,0},{0,0},{0,0},{0,0}, + {26,5},{247,8},{1015,10},{4086,12},{32706,15},{65420,16},{65421,16},{65422,16},{65423,16},{65424,16},{0,0},{0,0},{0,0},{0,0},{0,0},{0,0}, + {27,5},{248,8},{1016,10},{4087,12},{65425,16},{65426,16},{65427,16},{65428,16},{65429,16},{65430,16},{0,0},{0,0},{0,0},{0,0},{0,0},{0,0}, + {58,6},{502,9},{65431,16},{65432,16},{65433,16},{65434,16},{65435,16},{65436,16},{65437,16},{65438,16},{0,0},{0,0},{0,0},{0,0},{0,0},{0,0}, + {59,6},{1017,10},{65439,16},{65440,16},{65441,16},{65442,16},{65443,16},{65444,16},{65445,16},{65446,16},{0,0},{0,0},{0,0},{0,0},{0,0},{0,0}, + {121,7},{2039,11},{65447,16},{65448,16},{65449,16},{65450,16},{65451,16},{65452,16},{65453,16},{65454,16},{0,0},{0,0},{0,0},{0,0},{0,0},{0,0}, + {122,7},{2040,11},{65455,16},{65456,16},{65457,16},{65458,16},{65459,16},{65460,16},{65461,16},{65462,16},{0,0},{0,0},{0,0},{0,0},{0,0},{0,0}, + {249,8},{65463,16},{65464,16},{65465,16},{65466,16},{65467,16},{65468,16},{65469,16},{65470,16},{65471,16},{0,0},{0,0},{0,0},{0,0},{0,0},{0,0}, + {503,9},{65472,16},{65473,16},{65474,16},{65475,16},{65476,16},{65477,16},{65478,16},{65479,16},{65480,16},{0,0},{0,0},{0,0},{0,0},{0,0},{0,0}, + {504,9},{65481,16},{65482,16},{65483,16},{65484,16},{65485,16},{65486,16},{65487,16},{65488,16},{65489,16},{0,0},{0,0},{0,0},{0,0},{0,0},{0,0}, + {505,9},{65490,16},{65491,16},{65492,16},{65493,16},{65494,16},{65495,16},{65496,16},{65497,16},{65498,16},{0,0},{0,0},{0,0},{0,0},{0,0},{0,0}, + {506,9},{65499,16},{65500,16},{65501,16},{65502,16},{65503,16},{65504,16},{65505,16},{65506,16},{65507,16},{0,0},{0,0},{0,0},{0,0},{0,0},{0,0}, + {2041,11},{65508,16},{65509,16},{65510,16},{65511,16},{65512,16},{65513,16},{65514,16},{65515,16},{65516,16},{0,0},{0,0},{0,0},{0,0},{0,0},{0,0}, + {16352,14},{65517,16},{65518,16},{65519,16},{65520,16},{65521,16},{65522,16},{65523,16},{65524,16},{65525,16},{0,0},{0,0},{0,0},{0,0},{0,0}, + {1018,10},{32707,15},{65526,16},{65527,16},{65528,16},{65529,16},{65530,16},{65531,16},{65532,16},{65533,16},{65534,16},{0,0},{0,0},{0,0},{0,0},{0,0} + }; + static const int YQT[] = {16,11,10,16,24,40,51,61,12,12,14,19,26,58,60,55,14,13,16,24,40,57,69,56,14,17,22,29,51,87,80,62,18,22, + 37,56,68,109,103,77,24,35,55,64,81,104,113,92,49,64,78,87,103,121,120,101,72,92,95,98,112,100,103,99}; + static const int UVQT[] = {17,18,24,47,99,99,99,99,18,21,26,66,99,99,99,99,24,26,56,99,99,99,99,99,47,66,99,99,99,99,99,99, + 99,99,99,99,99,99,99,99,99,99,99,99,99,99,99,99,99,99,99,99,99,99,99,99,99,99,99,99,99,99,99,99}; + static const float aasf[] = { 1.0f * 2.828427125f, 1.387039845f * 2.828427125f, 1.306562965f * 2.828427125f, 1.175875602f * 2.828427125f, + 1.0f * 2.828427125f, 0.785694958f * 2.828427125f, 0.541196100f * 2.828427125f, 0.275899379f * 2.828427125f }; + + int row, col, i, k; + float fdtbl_Y[64], fdtbl_UV[64]; + unsigned char YTable[64], UVTable[64]; + + if(!data || !width || !height || comp > 4 || comp < 1) { + return 0; + } + + quality = quality ? quality : 90; + quality = quality < 1 ? 1 : quality > 100 ? 100 : quality; + quality = quality < 50 ? 5000 / quality : 200 - quality * 2; + + for(i = 0; i < 64; ++i) { + int uvti, yti = (YQT[i]*quality+50)/100; + YTable[stbiw__jpg_ZigZag[i]] = (unsigned char) (yti < 1 ? 1 : yti > 255 ? 255 : yti); + uvti = (UVQT[i]*quality+50)/100; + UVTable[stbiw__jpg_ZigZag[i]] = (unsigned char) (uvti < 1 ? 1 : uvti > 255 ? 255 : uvti); + } + + for(row = 0, k = 0; row < 8; ++row) { + for(col = 0; col < 8; ++col, ++k) { + fdtbl_Y[k] = 1 / (YTable [stbiw__jpg_ZigZag[k]] * aasf[row] * aasf[col]); + fdtbl_UV[k] = 1 / (UVTable[stbiw__jpg_ZigZag[k]] * aasf[row] * aasf[col]); + } + } + + // Write Headers + { + static const unsigned char head0[] = { 0xFF,0xD8,0xFF,0xE0,0,0x10,'J','F','I','F',0,1,1,0,0,1,0,1,0,0,0xFF,0xDB,0,0x84,0 }; + static const unsigned char head2[] = { 0xFF,0xDA,0,0xC,3,1,0,2,0x11,3,0x11,0,0x3F,0 }; + const unsigned char head1[] = { 0xFF,0xC0,0,0x11,8,(unsigned char)(height>>8),STBIW_UCHAR(height),(unsigned char)(width>>8),STBIW_UCHAR(width), + 3,1,0x11,0,2,0x11,1,3,0x11,1,0xFF,0xC4,0x01,0xA2,0 }; + s->func(s->context, (void*)head0, sizeof(head0)); + s->func(s->context, (void*)YTable, sizeof(YTable)); + stbiw__putc(s, 1); + s->func(s->context, UVTable, sizeof(UVTable)); + s->func(s->context, (void*)head1, sizeof(head1)); + s->func(s->context, (void*)(std_dc_luminance_nrcodes+1), sizeof(std_dc_luminance_nrcodes)-1); + s->func(s->context, (void*)std_dc_luminance_values, sizeof(std_dc_luminance_values)); + stbiw__putc(s, 0x10); // HTYACinfo + s->func(s->context, (void*)(std_ac_luminance_nrcodes+1), sizeof(std_ac_luminance_nrcodes)-1); + s->func(s->context, (void*)std_ac_luminance_values, sizeof(std_ac_luminance_values)); + stbiw__putc(s, 1); // HTUDCinfo + s->func(s->context, (void*)(std_dc_chrominance_nrcodes+1), sizeof(std_dc_chrominance_nrcodes)-1); + s->func(s->context, (void*)std_dc_chrominance_values, sizeof(std_dc_chrominance_values)); + stbiw__putc(s, 0x11); // HTUACinfo + s->func(s->context, (void*)(std_ac_chrominance_nrcodes+1), sizeof(std_ac_chrominance_nrcodes)-1); + s->func(s->context, (void*)std_ac_chrominance_values, sizeof(std_ac_chrominance_values)); + s->func(s->context, (void*)head2, sizeof(head2)); + } + + // Encode 8x8 macroblocks + { + static const unsigned short fillBits[] = {0x7F, 7}; + const unsigned char *imageData = (const unsigned char *)data; + int DCY=0, DCU=0, DCV=0; + int bitBuf=0, bitCnt=0; + // comp == 2 is grey+alpha (alpha is ignored) + int ofsG = comp > 2 ? 1 : 0, ofsB = comp > 2 ? 2 : 0; + int x, y, pos; + for(y = 0; y < height; y += 8) { + for(x = 0; x < width; x += 8) { + float YDU[64], UDU[64], VDU[64]; + for(row = y, pos = 0; row < y+8; ++row) { + // row >= height => use last input row + int clamped_row = (row < height) ? row : height - 1; + int base_p = (stbi__flip_vertically_on_write ? (height-1-clamped_row) : clamped_row)*width*comp; + for(col = x; col < x+8; ++col, ++pos) { + float r, g, b; + // if col >= width => use pixel from last input column + int p = base_p + ((col < width) ? col : (width-1))*comp; + + r = imageData[p+0]; + g = imageData[p+ofsG]; + b = imageData[p+ofsB]; + YDU[pos]=+0.29900f*r+0.58700f*g+0.11400f*b-128; + UDU[pos]=-0.16874f*r-0.33126f*g+0.50000f*b; + VDU[pos]=+0.50000f*r-0.41869f*g-0.08131f*b; + } + } + + DCY = stbiw__jpg_processDU(s, &bitBuf, &bitCnt, YDU, fdtbl_Y, DCY, YDC_HT, YAC_HT); + DCU = stbiw__jpg_processDU(s, &bitBuf, &bitCnt, UDU, fdtbl_UV, DCU, UVDC_HT, UVAC_HT); + DCV = stbiw__jpg_processDU(s, &bitBuf, &bitCnt, VDU, fdtbl_UV, DCV, UVDC_HT, UVAC_HT); + } + } + + // Do the bit alignment of the EOI marker + stbiw__jpg_writeBits(s, &bitBuf, &bitCnt, fillBits); + } + + // EOI + stbiw__putc(s, 0xFF); + stbiw__putc(s, 0xD9); + + return 1; +} + +STBIWDEF int stbi_write_jpg_to_func(stbi_write_func *func, void *context, int x, int y, int comp, const void *data, int quality) +{ + stbi__write_context s; + stbi__start_write_callbacks(&s, func, context); + return stbi_write_jpg_core(&s, x, y, comp, (void *) data, quality); +} + + +#ifndef STBI_WRITE_NO_STDIO +STBIWDEF int stbi_write_jpg(char const *filename, int x, int y, int comp, const void *data, int quality) +{ + stbi__write_context s; + if (stbi__start_write_file(&s,filename)) { + int r = stbi_write_jpg_core(&s, x, y, comp, data, quality); + stbi__end_write_file(&s); + return r; + } else + return 0; +} +#endif + +#endif // STB_IMAGE_WRITE_IMPLEMENTATION + +/* Revision history + 1.10 (2019-02-07) + support utf8 filenames in Windows; fix warnings and platform ifdefs + 1.09 (2018-02-11) + fix typo in zlib quality API, improve STB_I_W_STATIC in C++ + 1.08 (2018-01-29) + add stbi__flip_vertically_on_write, external zlib, zlib quality, choose PNG filter + 1.07 (2017-07-24) + doc fix + 1.06 (2017-07-23) + writing JPEG (using Jon Olick's code) + 1.05 ??? + 1.04 (2017-03-03) + monochrome BMP expansion + 1.03 ??? + 1.02 (2016-04-02) + avoid allocating large structures on the stack + 1.01 (2016-01-16) + STBIW_REALLOC_SIZED: support allocators with no realloc support + avoid race-condition in crc initialization + minor compile issues + 1.00 (2015-09-14) + installable file IO function + 0.99 (2015-09-13) + warning fixes; TGA rle support + 0.98 (2015-04-08) + added STBIW_MALLOC, STBIW_ASSERT etc + 0.97 (2015-01-18) + fixed HDR asserts, rewrote HDR rle logic + 0.96 (2015-01-17) + add HDR output + fix monochrome BMP + 0.95 (2014-08-17) + add monochrome TGA output + 0.94 (2014-05-31) + rename private functions to avoid conflicts with stb_image.h + 0.93 (2014-05-27) + warning fixes + 0.92 (2010-08-01) + casts to unsigned char to fix warnings + 0.91 (2010-07-17) + first public release + 0.90 first internal release +*/ + +/* +------------------------------------------------------------------------------ +This software is available under 2 licenses -- choose whichever you prefer. +------------------------------------------------------------------------------ +ALTERNATIVE A - MIT License +Copyright (c) 2017 Sean Barrett +Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy of +this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal in +the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights to +use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies +of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do +so, subject to the following conditions: +The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all +copies or substantial portions of the Software. +THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR +IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, +FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE +AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER +LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, +OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE +SOFTWARE. +------------------------------------------------------------------------------ +ALTERNATIVE B - Public Domain (www.unlicense.org) +This is free and unencumbered software released into the public domain. +Anyone is free to copy, modify, publish, use, compile, sell, or distribute this +software, either in source code form or as a compiled binary, for any purpose, +commercial or non-commercial, and by any means. +In jurisdictions that recognize copyright laws, the author or authors of this +software dedicate any and all copyright interest in the software to the public +domain. We make this dedication for the benefit of the public at large and to +the detriment of our heirs and successors. We intend this dedication to be an +overt act of relinquishment in perpetuity of all present and future rights to +this software under copyright law. +THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR +IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, +FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE +AUTHORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN +ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION +WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE. +------------------------------------------------------------------------------ +*/ diff --git a/xscreen.c b/xscreen.c @@ -0,0 +1,349 @@ +#include <stdbool.h> +#include <stdio.h> +#include <stdlib.h> +#include <string.h> +#include <time.h> +#include <unistd.h> + +#include <X11/Xlib.h> +#include <X11/Xutil.h> + +#define STB_IMAGE_WRITE_IMPLEMENTATION +#include "stb_image_write.h" + + +enum { + ROOT, + FOCUSED, + RECTANGLE +}; + +enum { + PNG, + JPEG +}; + +struct screenshot { + char *filename; + int width; + int height; + int format; + int jpg_quality; + int window_type; + bool freeze; + int delay; + char *data; +}; + + +static Display *disp; + + +static int +strend(const char *s, const char *t) +{ + size_t ns = strlen(s), nt = strlen(t); + return nt <= ns && strcmp(s + ns - nt, t) == 0; +} + +static void +failure(const char *err_str) +{ + fprintf(stderr, err_str); + XCloseDisplay(disp); + exit(EXIT_FAILURE); +} + +static void +display_help(void) +{ + printf("Usage: xscreen [-usz] [-j quality] [-d delay] [-f filename]\n"); + XCloseDisplay(disp); + exit(EXIT_SUCCESS); +} + +static void +check_args(int argc, char **argv, struct screenshot *img) +{ + int opt; + while ((opt = getopt(argc, argv, "f:d:j:husz")) != -1) { + switch (opt) { + case 'f': + img->filename = malloc(strlen(optarg) + 1); + if (!img->filename) + failure("malloc failure\n"); + strcpy(img->filename, optarg); + break; + case 'd': + img->delay = strtol(optarg, NULL, 0); + if (img->delay < 0) + img->delay = 0; + break; + case 'h': + display_help(); + break; + case 'u': + img->window_type = FOCUSED; + break; + case 's': + img->window_type = RECTANGLE; + break; + case 'z': + img->freeze = true; + break; + case 'j': + img->format = JPEG; + img->jpg_quality = strtol(optarg, NULL, 0); + if (img->jpg_quality < 1) + img->jpg_quality = 1; + else if (img->jpg_quality > 100) + img->jpg_quality = 100; + break; + } + } +} + +static char * +make_default_filename(int format) +{ + time_t cur_time = time(NULL); + struct tm *date = localtime(&cur_time); + + /* get length of formatted string before malloc */ + size_t str_len = snprintf(NULL, 0, "screenshot_%d-%02d-%02d-%02d-%02d-%02d", + date->tm_year + 1900, date->tm_mon + 1, date->tm_mday, + date->tm_hour, date->tm_min, date->tm_sec); + + char *filename = malloc(str_len + 5); + if (!filename) + failure("malloc failure\n"); + + sprintf(filename, "screenshot_%d-%02d-%02d-%02d-%02d-%02d", + date->tm_year + 1900, date->tm_mon + 1, date->tm_mday, + date->tm_hour, date->tm_min, date->tm_sec); + + if (format == PNG) + strcat(filename, ".png"); + else if (format == JPEG) + strcat(filename, ".jpg"); + + return filename; +} + +static Window +get_root_window(void) +{ + return DefaultRootWindow(disp); +} + +static Window +get_focused_window(void) +{ + Window focused_win; + int revert_to; + + XGetInputFocus(disp, &focused_win, &revert_to); + if (!focused_win) + failure("No window is being focused.\n"); + + return focused_win; +} + +static Window +get_selected_rectangle(bool freeze) +{ + int x = 0, y = 0, rec_x = 0, rec_y = 0; + int width = 0, height = 0, rec_w = 0, rec_h = 0; + XEvent e; + Window root = DefaultRootWindow(disp); + XGCValues gcval; + + XGrabPointer(disp, root, False, + ButtonMotionMask | ButtonPressMask | ButtonReleaseMask, + GrabModeAsync, GrabModeAsync, None, None, CurrentTime); + + + gcval.foreground = XWhitePixel(disp, 0); + gcval.function = GXxor; + gcval.background = XBlackPixel(disp, 0); + gcval.plane_mask = gcval.background ^ gcval.foreground; + gcval.subwindow_mode = IncludeInferiors; + + GC gc = XCreateGC(disp, root, + GCFunction | GCForeground | GCBackground | GCSubwindowMode, + &gcval); + + while (1) { + XNextEvent(disp, &e); + + switch (e.type) { + case ButtonPress: + x = e.xbutton.x; + y = e.xbutton.y; + if (freeze) + XGrabServer(disp); + break; + case ButtonRelease: + width = e.xbutton.x - x; + height = e.xbutton.y - y; + + if (width < 0) { + width *= -1; + x -= width; + } + if (height < 0) { + height *= -1; + y -= height; + } + break; + case MotionNotify: + XDrawRectangle(disp, root, gc, rec_x, rec_y, rec_w, rec_h); + + rec_x = x - 1; + rec_y = y - 1; + rec_w = e.xmotion.x - rec_x + 1; + rec_h = e.xmotion.y - rec_y + 1; + + if (rec_w < 0) { + rec_x += rec_w; + rec_w = 0 - rec_w; + } + if (rec_h < 0) { + rec_y += rec_h; + rec_h = 0 - rec_h; + } + + XDrawRectangle(disp, root, gc, rec_x, rec_y, rec_w, rec_h); + XFlush(disp); + break; + } + + if (e.type == ButtonRelease) + break; + } + + XDrawRectangle(disp, root, gc, rec_x, rec_y, rec_w, rec_h); + if (freeze) + XUngrabServer(disp); + XUngrabPointer(disp, CurrentTime); + XFreeGC(disp, gc); + XFlush(disp); + return XCreateSimpleWindow(disp, root, x, y, width, height, 0, 0, 0); +} + +static void +delay(int delay_sec) +{ + int i; + for (i = delay_sec; i > 0; i--) { + printf("%d... ", i); + fflush(stdout); + sleep(1); + } + if (delay_sec) + printf("\n"); +} + +static void +capture(Window win, struct screenshot *img) +{ + XWindowAttributes attr; + XImage *ximg; + + XGetWindowAttributes(disp, win, &attr); + + img->width = attr.width; + img->height = attr.height; + + if (img->window_type == RECTANGLE) { + ximg = XGetImage(disp, DefaultRootWindow(disp), attr.x, attr.y, + img->width, img->height, AllPlanes, ZPixmap); + } else { + ximg = XGetImage(disp, win, 0, 0, img->width, img->height, + AllPlanes, ZPixmap); + } + + img->data = malloc(img->width * img->height * 3); + if (!img->data) + failure("malloc failure\n"); + + for (int x = 0; x < img->width; x++) { + for (int y = 0; y < img->height ; y++) { + unsigned long xpixel = XGetPixel(ximg, x, y); + size_t pix_pos = (x + img->width * y) * 3; + + img->data[pix_pos] = (xpixel & ximg->red_mask) >> 16; + img->data[pix_pos + 1] = (xpixel & ximg->green_mask) >> 8; + img->data[pix_pos + 2] = xpixel & ximg->blue_mask; + } + } + + XDestroyImage(ximg); +} + +static void +save_image(struct screenshot img) +{ + if (access(img.filename, F_OK) == -1) { + if (img.format == PNG) { + stbi_write_png(img.filename, img.width, img.height, 3, + img.data, img.width * 3); + } else if (img.format == JPEG) { + stbi_write_jpg(img.filename, img.width, img.height, 3, + img.data, img.jpg_quality); + } + } else { + printf("\"%s\" already exists\n", img.filename); + } +} + +int +main(int argc, char **argv) +{ + disp = XOpenDisplay(NULL); + if (!disp) { + fprintf(stderr, "Failed opening DISPLAY.\n"); + return EXIT_FAILURE; + } + + Window win; + + struct screenshot img; + img.format = PNG; + img.jpg_quality = 100; + img.filename = NULL; + img.window_type = ROOT; + img.delay = 0; + img.freeze = false; + + check_args(argc, argv, &img); + if (!img.filename) { + img.filename = make_default_filename(img.format); + } else if (strend(img.filename, "/")) { + char *temp = make_default_filename(img.format); + img.filename = realloc(img.filename, + strlen(img.filename) + strlen(temp) + 1); + strcat(img.filename, temp); + free(temp); + } + + if (img.window_type == RECTANGLE) { + win = get_selected_rectangle(img.freeze); + delay(img.delay); + } else if (img.window_type == ROOT) { + delay(img.delay); + win = get_root_window(); + } else if (img.window_type == FOCUSED) { + delay(img.delay); + win = get_focused_window(); + } + + capture(win, &img); + save_image(img); + + free(img.filename); + free(img.data); + XCloseDisplay(disp); + + return EXIT_SUCCESS; +}